We help public health practitioners find, understand and use infectious disease research and evidence.
Group A streptococcus (GAS) is responsible for a range of diseases in humans. These diseases include strep throat (acute pharyngitis) and skin and soft tissue infections such impetigo and cellulitis. These can also include rare cases of invasive (serious) illnesses such as necrotizing fasciitis (flesh eating disease) and toxic shock syndrome (TSS).
Wastewater has already been used to show early detection of COVID-19 in some Canadian jurisdictions prior to an increase of clinically diagnosed cases. As COVID-19 can be characterized by symptomatic and asymptomatic infection, it is important to identify the presence of undiagnosed cases to minimize the likelihood of outbreaks.
The journey from pregnancy to childbirth and beyond is a complex process that requires careful attention, informed decision-making, and collaborative efforts from healthcare and public health practitioners, policymakers, researchers, women and their families, and society as a whole.
This transformative period encompasses not only the physical aspects of pregnancy and childbirth, but also the mental and social dimensions that significantly influence the well-being of both women and their families. Recognizing and addressing these multifaceted elements is essential for fostering comprehensive support systems and supporting the holistic health of women and newborns.
In this episode, we spoke with Dr Jane Heffernan from York University about using mathematical modelling methods for understanding and controlling infectious diseases in individuals (or immunology) and in populations (or epidemiology), and discuss the differences between within-host and population-level modelling.
This webinar helps deepen attendees’ understanding of how to use responsible Artificial Intelligence, data science and mathematical solutions to improve public health surveillance and response to emerging and re-emerging infectious disease outbreaks.
This webinar will explore key barriers and recommendations to Prison Needle Exchange Program (PNEP) access and enrollment. PNEP was implemented in 2018 by the Correctional Service Canada (CSC) to provide people in prisons with access to sterile injection equipment.
NCCID News + Alerts
NCCID News and Alerts are your way to stay connected with all NCCID has to offer – current, peer-reviewed expertise and evidence on infectious diseases public health in Canada.
COVID-19 Models from the Public Health Agency of Canada
The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) has shared information with Canadians from their COVID-19 modelling work. The results from the data indicate that it is critical and essential to physically distance, detect and isolate cases of COVID-19, identify and quarantine close contacts, and prevent international infection from entering the country.
Looking for the PHAC Modelling Group?
Emerging Diseases and Outbreaks
The aim of this project stream at NCCID is to provide the most recent information available on emerging infectious diseases (EIDs): an EID is an infectious disease that has appeared in a population for the first time, or that may have existed previously but is rapidly increasing in incidence or geographic range. Outbreaks are the occurrence of disease cases in excess of what would normally be expected for a community, geographical area or season.
Despite its low prevalence in Canada, tuberculosis (TB) remains a public health challenge in this country. Overall incidence rates of active TB remain stagnated, and the burden of disease continues to concentrate among certain populations that are disproportionately represented among the new cases.
Mathematical Modelling and Big Data
Mathematical modelling is a research method that can inform public health planning and infectious disease control. Through complex simulations of real-world possibilities, mathematical modelling provides a cost-effective and efficient method to assess optimal public health interventions.
HIV/STBBI Prevention and Control
NCCID’s HIV and sexually-transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBI) projects aim to respond to the recognized need for more strategic, coordinated and integrated approaches in Canada through the translation and exchange of knowledge between researchers, policy-makers and practitioners.
Antimicrobial Use and Resistance
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) refers to changes in infectious organisms (viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites) so that they can no longer be controlled or treated effectively by standard drugs such as antibiotics, antivirals and antifungals. AMR is an increasingly serious threat to public health and NCCID works with partners across the country to provide evidence and resources on AMR surveillance and antimicrobial use (AMU).
Migration and Mobility
Population movements—from global migration to community displacement—contribute to the emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases in Canada.
NCCID supports knowledge translation in fast-growing areas of refugee, evacuee, and migrant workers’ health to bring current evidence and information to public health practitioners and policymakers.
Prevention by Vaccine
NCCID supports public health efforts to improve prevention by vaccines and immunizations, including approaches to vaccine confidence.
Notifiable Diseases Database
Each Canadian province and territory has legal requirements for reporting certain infectious diseases. The reporting requirements are usually outlined in legislation, and the list of conditions that must be reported is usually outlined in regulations. The NDDB is a compilation of case definitions in all Canadian provinces and territories.
NCCID Disease Debriefs are designed to offer timely and up-to-date knowledge of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases for Canadian public health audiences. Disease Debriefs connect readers to clinical and public health guidance, evidence, and other sources of information.