Emerging Diseases and Outbreaks
The aim of this project stream at NCCID is to provide the most recent information available on emerging infectious diseases (EIDs): an EID is an infectious disease that has appeared in a population for the first time, or that may have existed previously but is rapidly increasing in incidence or geographic range. Outbreaks are the occurrence of disease cases in excess of what would normally be expected for a community, geographical area or season.
In 2016, NCCID consulted practitioners, policy makers and researchers to identify key gaps and map opportunities where improved knowledge translation and exchange can be applied to practice and policy towards TB control and elimination. Based on what we heard, we are undertaking a series of new projects.
Mathematical modelling is a research method that can inform public health planning and infectious disease control. Through complex simulations of real-world possibilities, mathematical modelling provides a cost-effective and efficient method to assess optimal public health interventions.
HIV/STBBI Prevention and Control
NCCID’s HIV and sexually-transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBI) projects aim to respond to the recognized need for more strategic, coordinated and integrated approaches in Canada through the translation and exchange of knowledge between researchers, policy-makers and practitioners.
Antimicrobial Use and Resistance
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) refers to changes in infectious organisms (viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites) so that they can no longer be controlled or treated effectively by standard drugs such as antibiotics, antivirals and antifungals. AMR is an increasingly serious threat to public health and NCCID works with partners across the country to provide evidence and resources on AMR surveillance and antimicrobial use (AMU).
Migration and Mobility
Population movements—from global migration to community displacement—contribute to the emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases in Canada.
NCCID supports knowledge translation in fast-growing areas of refugee, evacuee, and migrant workers’ health to bring current evidence and information to public health practitioners and policymakers.
NCCID Disease Debriefs are designed to offer timely and up-to-date knowledge of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases for Canadian public health audiences. Disease Debriefs connect readers to clinical and public health guidance, evidence, and other sources of information.
Notifiable Diseases Database
Each Canadian province and territory has legal requirements for reporting certain infectious diseases. The reporting requirements are usually outlined in legislation, and the list of conditions that must be reported is usually outlined in regulations. The NDDB is a compilation of case definitions in all Canadian provinces and territories.
Influenza and Influenza-Like Illness
NCCID led a collaborative project responding to knowledge gaps for the prevention and control of influenza, where questions remain about surveillance methods, estimates of the burden of influenza, the effectiveness of vaccination and other prevention strategies, and equitable delivery of services.