Despite its low prevalence in Canada, tuberculosis (TB) remains a public health challenge in this country. Overall incidence rates of active TB have not significantly declined in the past decade, and the burden of disease continues to concentrate among certain populations that are disproportionately represented among the new cases.

In 2016, NCCID consulted practitioners, policy makers and researchers to identify key gaps and map opportunities where improved knowledge translation and exchange can be applied to practice and policy towards TB control and elimination. Based on what we heard, we are undertaking a series of new projects and activities with the following five TB-related priorities in mind:

  • The need for timely diagnosis of active TB, improved treatment adherence and outbreak management
  • The need for improved identification and management of latent TB infections (LTBI)
  • The need for standardized monitoring and performance measurement
  • The need for improved TB awareness, ethics and language
  • The need for policy options that address the social determinants of health

To share your questions or comments about our TB work, or to discuss the possibility of partnering with us, please contact us at

Tuberculosis and Public Health: Priority populations

The following constitute priority populations for TB prevention and interventions in Canada:

  • Immigrants and refugees from countries with high TB incidence
  • Indigenous populations (First Nations, Metis, Inuit)
  • Residents in remote and far North communities
  • People who are homeless and under-housed in urban settings
  • Incarcerated individuals in correctional facilities

These populations are over-represented among TB incident cases and frequently experience compounded TB burden due to other health and social inequities. They are the primary focus of NCCID projects and activities in TB.


Available NCCID Resources

‘TB Talk’ Podcasts





In February 2017, the city of Vancouver played host to hundreds of TB experts at End TB 2017, a meeting of the International Union Against Tuberculosis (North American Region). Our ‘TB Talk’ series features one-on-one conversations with experts who attended the meeting, based on questions shared with us by public health practitioners across Canada.

Part 1: TB Priorities at End TB 2017 | Transcript
Part 2: Tuberculosis and Cultural Humility  | Transcript
Part 3: Social Determinants of TB in Indigenous Communities  | Transcript

Part 4: New Digital Technologies and TB  | Transcript
Part 5: Post-landing Surveillance for Migrants & Virtual TB services in Alberta | Transcript