Integrating HIV Prevention with Care: Antiretroviral Treatment for Prevention

Publication Summary

This paper will focus on the role of Antiretroviral therapy (ART), especially highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART), in lowering infectivity and reducing sexual transmission in individuals in clinical care.


  • ART can effectively reduce sexual transmission of HIV to partners by markedly lowering viral levels in blood as well as genital and rectal secretions.
  • Expansion of ART use beyond current guidelines is not recommended at this time, outside of research initiatives but well designed population based studies need to be a carried out.