Contraception Methods for HIV-Positive Women and Women at Risk of HIV

Publication Summary

This evidence review outlines some contraceptive methods for women living with HIV/AIDS (WHA) and women at risk of HIV. This paper does not include all types of contraception as research related to HIV is lacking.



  • Dual protection – correct and consistent use of condoms in conjunction with another method of contraception – should be practiced to prevent HIV/STI transmission and unwanted pregnancies.
  • A wide range of contraceptive choices should be made available to women to promote consistent usage of contraceptives.
  • Hormonal contraceptives have not been found to be associated with either acquisition of HIV or HIV disease progression, and their use appears to be safe in HIV-positive women.
  • Integrative care, combining HIV treatment with family planning counselling and services, increases contraceptive use among WHA.