Numerical solution

In stochastic models, Numerical solution refers to events arising from probability at each time point. In compartmental models (whether deterministic or stochastic), Numerical solution indicates differential equations derived from computer programming or approximation techniques.


A mathematical operation mimicking real-world phenomena described by a model.

Time horizon

Refers to a certain time point in the future when the effect(s) of intervention(s) will be evaluated.

Uncertainty analysis

A type of Sensitivity analysis that further restricts parameter values to represent reality for specific population(s). Parameter values are often obtained after model fitting. Uncertainty analysis helps assess the degree to which parameters influence model outcomes.


Assessing model performance (usually against data) to determine the applicability of the model.