Measuring What Counts in the Midst of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Equity Indicators for Public Health

Under the leadership of public health agencies, departments and units across the country, the 2020 responses to COVID-19 in Canada have seen an unprecedented mobilization of funds, human resources and materials. Responses have involved communities and multiple federal, provincial and territorial departments across the country.

Supporting Vaccine Confidence in Indigenous Peoples

The National Collaborating Centre for Indigenous Health (NCCIH), in collaboration with the National Collaborating Centre for Infectious Diseases (NCCID), produced five fact sheets on vaccine-preventable diseases and immunizations. The resources help support vaccine confidence amongst First Nations, Inuit and Métis peoples and communities. Additional links to video and trusted web sites on vaccines are provided…

Progress on Integrated Antimicrobial Resistance and Antimicrobial Use Surveillance in Canada (2014-2019)

There have been important expansions within existing national surveillance programs (Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program and the Canadian Integrated Program for AMR Surveillance), with new data integration and reporting by the Canadian AMR Surveillance System. However, important gaps in the AMR/AMU surveillance “patchwork” in Canada must be addressed to make it a comprehensive, integrated, One Health…

Incarceration and Sexually Transmitted and Blood-borne Diseases

Sexually transmitted and blood-borne infection (STBBI) rates have been increasing across Canada, particularly for hepatitis C (HCV), gonorrhea, and syphilis, including the highest rates of congenital syphilis ever reported. STBBI transmission is influenced by social, structural, and environmental factors, and these infections are increasingly associated with substance use, inadequate housing, and a history of incarceration….

A Call to Action: An Evidence Review on Pharmaceutical Disposal in the Context of Antimicrobial Resistance in Canada

Antibiotics are some of the most commonly prescribed pharmaceutical agents in the world, including in Canada. During manufacturing, antibiotics can seep or be discharged into the environment. However, a significant amount can also enter the environment through improper disposal practices (i.e., in sinks, toilets, and household garbage) and natural human excretion. Wastewater treatment systems are…

Opportunities for Public Health to Reduce the Burden of COVID-19 among Migrant Agricultural Workers in Canada

Migrant agricultural workers come to Canada annually to help farmers with planting, harvesting, and processing foods. Clusters of community-acquired COVID-19 among migrant agricultural workers in Ontario during the 2020 growing season signify that migrant agricultural workers are vulnerable to infectious disease outbreaks such as COVID-19. This does not mean that the men and women who…

Psychosocial Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Results of a Broad Investigation in Québec

Context: This is a two-year project financed by the CIHR ($500,000) and carried out by an interdisciplinary team from the Université de Sherbrooke and other national and international partners. The Québec investigation is a supplement to this project, which is funded by the seven regional public health departments. Why: Like other types of catastrophes, the…

Corrections and correctional facilities as a public health setting in Canada

In the current coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic context, there has been increasing attention to correctional facilities and other congregate settings as catalysts for infectious disease transmission. It is well known that infectious and other diseases are prevalent in correctional facilities around the world and Canada is no exception. Rachlis et al. discuss the importance of considering…